Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that impact the eye’s optic nerve, resulting in serious damage such as vision loss and blindness. It usually develops when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, resulting in increased pressure in the eye and damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is very treatable with early detection; however, it is the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age, but the majority of people who develop glaucoma are older adults. There are no warning signs of glaucoma, which is why it is so important to see your eye doctor for regular exams. Glaucoma typically develops slowly over time, which means you may not notice any change in vision until the condition is at an advanced stage.

At First Eye Care, our network of experienced optometrists believe in prevention and education. We strive to spread awareness about common eye conditions like glaucoma and encourage people to make an appointment at least once a year. As with other vision problems and eye diseases, glaucoma can be treated as long as we spot it early on. Because there are no warning signs or symptoms, the only way to detect it is to come into one of our many locations for a regular eye exam. Vision loss due to glaucoma cannot be recovered, which is why it is so risky to negate your eye health. Having regular, comprehensive eye exams that include measurements of your eye pressure is the best way to stop glaucoma in its tracks. If you develop glaucoma, you will more than likely require treatment for the remainder of your life.

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Understanding Glaucoma

There are two major types of glaucoma:

  • Primary open-angle glaucoma - Most people (especially those with kids) know what pink eye is and probably have firsthand experience with the nasty eye infection. While it is commonly associated with kids, adults can get it too. If you notice red eyes along with itching, burning, stinging, eye discharge, swelling, and watering, you should see a doctor for pink eye.

  • Angle-closure glaucoma - Allergies are often seasonal to fall and spring or they can occur when something irritating gets in your eyes. Everyone has different allergies and reactions, so be sure and discuss any concerns with your eye doctor.

  • Vision becomes suddenly blurry
  • Severe eye pain
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • You see rainbow-colored rings or halos around lights

Both types of glaucoma can develop over time and require medical attention. If left untreated, glaucoma will eventually lead to blindness. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, make an appointment with First Eye Care right away. The best way to prevent either form of glaucoma from developing and worsening is to schedule regular eye exams.